Territorial diagnostics is an exercise closely tied in with the territorial intelligence tools on which it relies. In the perspective of putting these tools in place, it is natural to be mindful of a scientific approach underlying the diagnostic actions. This research is anchored relative to thinking about the concept of territory addressed as a complex system. The systemic posture adopted therefore provides the basis for the approach and leads to the characterisation of six formal stages for making a diagnosis and implementing the inter-related interpretations at each stage. This innovative method is tested out in the research-action framework.
Publication: Moine A., Sorita N., « Pour une refondation du travail social au cœur des territoires : Outils et méthodes », Presses de l'EHESP, Rennes, à paraître mars-avril 2014.
Formalism, models and ontologies for the joint production of territorial data and indicators
Instrumentation but also interdisciplinarity, specific to our approaches to territorial intelligence impose the definition of formal languages and ontologies with which to best pass on the wealth of information that the territorial system sends us.
Geographical information sciences, which have long posited the conceptual and methodological bases by which spatio-temporal dynamics can best be captured, characterise our research subjects. Research into formalisms and ontologies and the coupling between data bases and simulation tools feed this line of research, which is fundamental because it is necessary for the formalisation of the territory as an object from whatever angle it is addressed.
Territorial observations, Territorial information systems
The research presented finds scope for application and validation through the development of operational tools for monitoring, analysis and territorial 'foresight'. Several emblematic projects are worth mentioning here.
The Rêve d'avenir project, financed under the INTERREG IV programmes, the instrumentation part of which aimed to develop a tool for monitoring territories' energy and environmental performances known as '3x20 platform' in reference to the European objectives of reducing energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions by 20% and covering 20% of energy needs through renewable energies. The aim is to centralise, quantify, spatialise and analyse energy savings, greenhouse gas emissions and renewable energy production on territorial scale based especially on declarations from territorial actors (individuals, businesses, local authorities, especially).
The OPTEER (Observation and regional scale energy-related territorial foresight) project, funded by ADEME, Franche-Comté regional council and Greater Dole Council has now become the reference tool in Franche-Comté for energy and environmental issues.
OserFC is the Franche-Comté regional socio-economic observatory, developed by the ThéMA Laborarty in partnership with Franche-Comté regional development agency. In addition to classical cartographic representations on various scales, it enables users to define their own project territories and also enables direct alterations of the discretisation steps. This observatory, initiated on the scale of the Haute-Saône department, has been operating on regional scale since 2011.
Lastly, the professional footballers observatory (http://www.football-observatory.com/) is a Franco-Swiss project in conjunction with Neuchâtel Centre for Sports Studies. Alongside annual publications, research contracts have been undertaken with the relevant institutions (FIFA, UEFA).