This is a courtesy translation. The mentions légales in the French-language version are the authentic legally-binding text.

The website is ThéMA's official website.

Adresses :

Théoriser et Modéliser pour Aménager

UFR Lettres SHS, 32 rue Mégevand
25030 Besançon Cedex

Publication Director:

Jean-Christophe Foltête, Director de ThéMA

Website operator:

Jean-Christophe Foltête (ThéMA).

Website host:

Université de Franche-Comté
Centre de ressources informatiques (CRI)
16 route de Gray
25030 Besançon cedex
03 81 66 66 66

Technical, graphic and editorial design and consultancy:

Communication department

Photo credits:

Université de Franche-Comté, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..


It is optimised for Internet Explorer version 6 and higher, Firefox version 1.5 and higher.

This website uses Google Analytics, a web analytics service provided by Google Inc. ('Google'). Google Analytics uses cookies, which are text files placed on your computer to help the website analyse how users use the site. The information generated by the cookie about your use of the website (including your IP address) will be transmitted to and stored by Google on servers located in the United States. Google will use this information for the purpose of evaluating your use of the website, compiling reports on website activity for website operators and providing other services relating to website activity and internet usage. Google may also transfer this information to third parties when required to do so by law, or when such third parties process the information on Google's behalf, including in particular the operator of this website. Google will not associate your IP address with any other data held by Google. You may refuse the use of cookies by selecting the appropriate settings on your browser. However, please note that if you do this you may not be able to use the full functionality of this website. By using this website you consent to the processing of data about you by Google in the manner and for the purposes set out above.


The website (texts, graphics, photos, etc.) is copyright protected in France and abroad by French and international legislation in force.

The website pages may be reproduced as hard copy on the following terms and conditions:

  • they are circulated free-of-charge;
  • the documents are reproduced in full (no changes or alterations of any kind);
  • the website is explicitly cited as the source and it is stated that rights of reproduction are reserved and limited.

Any other reproduction in part or in full for collective use is strictly prohibited without the express authorisation of ThéMA; it would be an infringement of copyright and could lead to prosecution.

Statute no 78-17 of 6 January 1978 on data protection

Pursuant to article 34 of the loi Informatique et Libertés du 6 janvier 1978 (French data protection act), you are entitled to have access to information about you. You may also modify or delete such information. Just contact us at: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

This website has been declared to the French data protection service CNIL.

Personal data collected shall never be passed on to third parties and never used for commercial purposes. In particular, we shall not sell any postal or e-mail address files.

Third-party collection of personal data displayed on this site for the purpose of further processing (e.g. for commercial or advertising use) is strictly prohibited.


ThéMA does its utmost to update this website and regularly check that the information on it is accurate. However, the research laboratory cannot guarantee that such information is exhaustive and free of error. If you notice a link that does not work or an error, you may report it by e-mail to the webmaster: To contact him: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Creating hypertext links to this website is authorised on condition that:

  • you do not use the deep linking technique to downloadable or executable files;
  • you do not use this website in a context that would alter its visual identity and prevent its identification;
  • you do not make a link to an image or photograph by including it in a page not on this website;
  • you do not use the information on this site for commercial or advertising purposes.


This authorisation does not extend to websites disseminating polemical, pornographic or xenophobic information or information that more generally the majority of people might find offensive.

Users' attention is drawn to the fact that the links on the pages of this website may lead to websites that are not controlled by ThéMA and for which it cannot bear any responsibility.